The Church and the Empire Being an Outline of the History of the Church from A.D. 1003 to A.D. 1304
By D. J. Medley
THE CHURCH UNIVERSAL Volume IV
THE CHURCH AND THE EMPIRE
Brief Histories of Her Continuous Life
A series of eight volumes dealing with the history of the Christian
Church from the beginning of the present day.
Edited by The Rev. W. H. Hutton, B.D.
Fellow and Tutor of S. John’s College, Oxford, and Examining Chaplain to the Bishop of Rochester
THE CHURCH AND THE EMPIRE
Being an outline of the history of the church from A.D. 1003 to A.D. 1304
By D. J. Medley, M.A.
Professor of History in the University of Glasgow
In this volume of this work, Medley presents us 17 chapters of church history from the period of 1003 to 1304. Although I could not verify the orientation of this author, I believe him to be Anglican.
While there is a general agreement among the writers as to principles, the greatest freedom as to treatment is allowed to writers in this series. The volumes, for example, are not of the same length. Volume II, which deals with the formative period of the Church, is, not unnaturally, longer in proportion than the others. To Volume VI, which deals with the Reformation, has been allotted a similar extension. The authors, again, use their own discretion in such matters as footnotes and lists of authorities. But the aim of the series, which each writer sets before him, is to tell, clearly and accurately, the story of the Church, as a divine institution with a continuous life.
W. H. Hutton
The late appearance of this volume of the series needs some explanation. Portions of the book have been written at intervals; but it is only the enforced idleness of a long convalescence after illness which has given me the requisite leisure to finish it.
I have tried to avoid overloading my pages with details of political history; but in no period is it so easy to miss the whole lesson of events by an attempt to isolate the special influences which affected the organised society of the Church. The interpretation which I have adopted of the important events at Canossa is not, of course, universally accepted; but the fact that it has seldom found expression in any English work may serve as my excuse.
The Editor of the series, The Rev. W. H. Hutton, has laid me under a deep obligation, first, by his long forbearance, and more lately, by his frequent and careful suggestions over the whole book. It is dangerous for laymen to meddle with questions of technical theology. I trust that, guided by his expert hand, I have not fallen into any recognisable heresy!
Mears Ashby, October, 1910.
Chapter 1. The Beginnings of Church Reform
Chapter 2. Gregory VII and Lay Investiture
Chapter 3. The End of the Quarrel
Chapter 4. The Secular Clergy
Chapter 5. Canons and Monks
Chapter 6. St. Bernard
Chapter 7. The Schoolmen and Theology
Chapter 8. Guelf and Ghibelline (I)
Chapter 9. Innocent III
Chapter 10. The Papal Power in the Church
Chapter 11. Doctrine and Discipline of the Church
Chapter 12. Heresies
Chapter 13. The Mendicant Orders
Chapter 14. The Church and the Heathen
Chapter 15. Guelf and Ghibelline (II)
Chapter 16. The Fall of the Empire and of the Papacy
Chapter 17. The Churches of the East